The Benefits of Orthodontic Dentistry
Orthodontic dentistry is the branch of dental science that deals with misalignment or irregularity of the teeth and jaw. It is not only helpful for cosmetic reasons but also helps to improve chewing and speech function, reduces your risk for gum disease, and helps you maintain a healthy smile!
Whether you have just been diagnosed with an orthodontic problem or your child has already developed one, it is never too early to get the ball rolling. Often, children who receive orthodontic treatment as early as age 7 can reduce the need for extensive dental work in their future!
There are a few different types of orthodontics, each with its own benefits. The main purpose of orthodontics is to correct malocclusion, which is the misalignment of teeth. Malocclusion can occur due to many things, including thumb sucking, tongue thrusting, crossbite, overbite, and underbite. 북가좌동 치과
In young children, orthodontists can guide proper jaw growth, which can help permanent teeth come in properly. This is called interceptive orthodontics and can help prevent problems later on.
The most common type of orthodontic treatment is traditional metal braces, which are made from stainless steel and consist of brackets and wires. These are fixed to the teeth, and they’re tightened up every few weeks by your orthodontist to move them gradually into their desired position.
Another form of metal braces is lingual braces, which are attached to the backs of the teeth. Lingual braces are more discreet and less likely to be damaged by foods. However, this treatment option is not appropriate for all patients and may be harder to clean than traditional braces.
Some people who have severe malocclusions require surgery to change the way their jaw grows. This procedure is only recommended if less invasive orthodontic treatments have failed.
During your initial consultation, your orthodontist will determine the best treatment plan for you. He or she will use an in-person exam, x-rays, photos and molds of your teeth to create a personalized treatment plan.
Most patients will need to wear a retainer after their orthodontic treatment is complete, and it can take up to 10 years for teeth to relapse back to their pre-treatment positions. This is why retainers are so important during and after orthodontics.
The retainer can be a removable one or fixed, and it will usually be made from clear plastic. It’s important to wear it as recommended, especially at nighttime, because you want to keep your new teeth in place and prevent relapse.
It’s a good idea to wear your retainer as much as you can, even though it might be uncomfortable or difficult at first. Your orthodontist will provide you with instructions on how to wear it.
Other appliances used during orthodontic treatment include palatal expanders and positioners. The palatal expander is an appliance that widens your upper jaw by putting pressure on your upper molars when they’re being adjusted. It’s designed to be comfortable and effective, so it will last for several months until the final adjustments are made with orthodontic bands.